Zakat-al-Fitr is a compulsory food charity on every Muslim who has the means to do so. Like other forms of Alms giving, Zakat-al-fitr is a means of rebuilding the bond between the rich and the poor in a society during the Eid-ul-Fitr celebration.
The charity is given to the poor before the Eid prayer. To help them feed themselves on this day and days after.
According to an Hadith reported by Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him):
“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained Zakat ul Fitr [Fitrana] to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakat for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere Sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer.”
According to the Prophet (PBUH), Zakat al-fitr is usually in the form of food grains, foodstuff such as dates, raisins, wheat, barley, rice, and beans etc. Zakat-al-fitr is measured with one sa – Islamic measurement tool.
One ‘Sa’ is the limited unit of measuring Zakat-al-fitr. However, many muslim may not have access to the prescribed measurement tool, hence, the need to know its equivalent in Naira.
Equivalence of Zakat-al-fitr in Nigeria Context
1 sa is equivalent to 3 dericas or 14 cups.
Calculating the cost of one Sa is determined by the price of the foodstuff in your community. Below is a breakdown of Zakat-al-fitr equivalent in Naira.
RICE – N1,400
BEANS – N1,120
GUINEA CORN – N700
MAIZE – N700
GARRI – N700
YAM FLOUR – N1,400
CASSAVA FLOUR – N700
MILLET – N1,400