The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has issued guidelines to Nigerian banks about the e-Naira project (Digital Currency).
According to report, the guidelines which stated that the e-Naira is a legal tender for the entire country, also disclosed details about the design and operational module of the digital currency.
According to the guideline, the e-Naira will have non-interest-bearing CBDC status, and a value-based transaction limit for customers.
The people/institutions allowed to participate in the e-Naira program are featured in five stages, including:
1. Monetary Authority Suite: The Central Bank will be handing the first product component that includes issue, distribute, redeem and destroy the currency. Store data on a cloud server, monitor and analyse currency transactions.
2. Financial Institution Suite: licensed financial institution will be able to request currency or issue stablecoins, manage digital currency across branches, KYC, identify and AML compliance capability.
3. e–Government Suite: the government will be able to efficiently process digital payments sent to and received from citizens and businesses.
4. Merchants will provide low-cost payment and business management software, POS, remote payment solutions, online capabilities, transaction analysis and reconciliation.
5. Retail Consumer Suite: features user-centred designs for a great user experience. The architecture will be expandable to enable innovation; features advanced privacy and security.
Consequently, the proposed transaction cost for the e-Naira wallet was also outlined by the Nigerian Central Bank.
The guideline also revealed that the digital currency infrastructure will not charge for user-to-merchant transactions and P2P wallet transactions.
It also noted that Nigerian banks will be allowed to invite all their customers to register for the e-Naira.
Besides pre-generated codes, the banks can send invitation codes for onboarding to a specific list of selected customers. Onboarding will be done for customers who have a code assigned by their banks. The banks have already validated and verified these customers.
Moreover, the Central Bank stated the wallet provided by its institution was merely a stop-gap measure for meeting the deadline, given that banks and other licensed operators may provide their own wallets since it didn’t intend to compete against the banks.
As part of the digital currency initiative, Nigeria’s central bank has made clear that NIBSS and other switching platforms will still be relevant, existing infrastructure can be integrated and leveraged in the e-Naira implementation.
As a National Critical Infrastructure, the e-naira system will be subject to comprehensive security checks, all data and personally identifiable information (PII) will be kept off the ledger and will not be stored on the ledger.